Author Topic: Generator/inverter remote switching  (Read 95 times)
Roi_hartmann
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Generator/inverter remote switching « on: June 10, 2019, 10:07:02 AM » Author: Roi_hartmann
I'm planning an update to main ac distribution board in my summer home and there is 230v single phase generator and inverter for solar power(no connection to powet company). As of now, the selection has bee pretty manual, insert the plug in to the one you wanna use. I'm going to make the input switching semi automatic in a way that the system will switch automatically from inverter to generator whenever it senses the generator being online but not autonatically back to inverter due to difference in max output power.

Now the question is can I use a double pole double throw relay of needed power rating as the change element between the feeds or should there be longer off time when changing from feed to another? The idea is to keep it simple and thus avoid timers and/or PLCs
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Medved
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Re: Generator/inverter remote switching « Reply #1 on: June 10, 2019, 03:06:06 PM » Author: Medved

Now the question is can I use a double pole double throw relay of needed power rating as the change element between the feeds or should there be longer off time when changing from feed to another? The idea is to keep it simple and thus avoid timers and/or PLCs

If you have a fast acting control over the inverter (a way bringing it high impedance aka HiZ, so all transistors off, with delay less than a ms), it may be enough to provide sequencing: Inverter powering - Inverter HiZ - relay switchover (with a direct inverter electronic controlcould be at the same time, the relay being slower takes care of the sequencing) - generator powering.
To swirch back, the sequence is exactly opposite, but you have to provide delay between the relay and inverter activation (or wire it via interlock contacts).



Otherwise if you do not have such fast inverter control, you need two separate relays and/or contactors, with a safety delay gap longer than the relay turn off delay (or using contactor interlock contacts to guarantee the otger is activated only after the first is mechanically really off).

Just a simple DPDT may flash over, because there is not enough separation when the eventual arc is burning over contacts, dont forget there is no guarantee about the switching sequence at all, so one contact may just switch over and cause the flashover while the second has not yet moved at all.
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